What are the causes of sore throat?


Posted by admin | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 01-09-2012

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Discovering the causes of sore throat

There are two types of infections causes of sore throat that are viral and bacterial. Approximately 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses and only about 10-20% is caused by bacteria. In order to overcome this, it is important to know whether the sore throat is caused by viruses or bacteria streptococcus. Viral infections are usually the cause of the common cold (runny nose) and influenza which later resulted in a sore throat. Common cold usually resolves itself around 1 week after your body forms antibodies against the virus.

Treatment with antibiotics is not effective for treating viral infections. Conversely, administration of antibiotics can lead to resistance of bacteria to antibiotics. When the germ has been resistant to these antibiotics, the antibiotics we use will no longer be effective in killing germs. As a result, the illness will not be cured. Infections caused by influenza virus are contagious and is easily spread. In this condition, inflammation lasts about three to ten days. Generally, inflammation is more severe in the morning and gets better as the day progresses.

Usually sore throat is accompanied by a sense of weakness, decreased appetite, fever, and cough. Sore throat is also found in other viral infections such as fever and measles. The body needs a week to build up antibodies to destroy the viruses. Infectious mononucleosisis one of the causes of sore throat, or generally caused by a virus called Epstein Barr Mono, and takes longer to heal. Virus affects the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of the tonsils and white patches appear on the surface. In addition, there is also swelling of the veins in the neck. Such infections usually cause severe sore throat, thus making the patient breathing difficulties. This virus also causes exhaustion that can last more than six weeks.

Danger of virus to the human health

Sometimes the virus also attacks the liver and causes jaundice. Although nicknamed Mono Kissing Disease, it can be transmitted through saliva. Transmission can also occur from the mouth to the hands, then from hand to mouth or from the use of towels or cutlery. For bacteria, the most common and most serious complications in this group A streptococcus betahemolitis. This bacteria is also another causes of sore throat and diseases associated with damage to the valves in the heart or rheumatic fever and kidneys or nephritis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, and ear infections. Another cause of sore throat is laryngo-pharyngeal reflux.

Patients usually experience pain in the throat in the morning when stomach acid rises up and get in the back of the throat. The throat feels a lump and taste sour. Patients often remove phlegm to clear the throat. There are other causes of sore throat that is the habit of breathing through the mouth, allergies, trapping foreign objects such as a fish bone in the throat, air pollution, alcohol, or cigarettes. Dry condition during summer or even in the winter and breathe through the mouth due to chronic nasal obstruction also causes dry and sore throat.

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