What are the causes of sore throat?


Posted by admin | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 01-09-2012

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Discovering the causes of sore throat

There are two types of infections causes of sore throat that are viral and bacterial. Approximately 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses and only about 10-20% is caused by bacteria. In order to overcome this, it is important to know whether the sore throat is caused by viruses or bacteria streptococcus. Viral infections are usually the cause of the common cold (runny nose) and influenza which later resulted in a sore throat. Common cold usually resolves itself around 1 week after your body forms antibodies against the virus.

Treatment with antibiotics is not effective for treating viral infections. Conversely, administration of antibiotics can lead to resistance of bacteria to antibiotics. When the germ has been resistant to these antibiotics, the antibiotics we use will no longer be effective in killing germs. As a result, the illness will not be cured. Infections caused by influenza virus are contagious and is easily spread. In this condition, inflammation lasts about three to ten days. Generally, inflammation is more severe in the morning and gets better as the day progresses.

Usually sore throat is accompanied by a sense of weakness, decreased appetite, fever, and cough. Sore throat is also found in other viral infections such as fever and measles. The body needs a week to build up antibodies to destroy the viruses. Infectious mononucleosisis one of the causes of sore throat, or generally caused by a virus called Epstein Barr Mono, and takes longer to heal. Virus affects the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of the tonsils and white patches appear on the surface. In addition, there is also swelling of the veins in the neck. Such infections usually cause severe sore throat, thus making the patient breathing difficulties. This virus also causes exhaustion that can last more than six weeks.

Danger of virus to the human health

Sometimes the virus also attacks the liver and causes jaundice. Although nicknamed Mono Kissing Disease, it can be transmitted through saliva. Transmission can also occur from the mouth to the hands, then from hand to mouth or from the use of towels or cutlery. For bacteria, the most common and most serious complications in this group A streptococcus betahemolitis. This bacteria is also another causes of sore throat and diseases associated with damage to the valves in the heart or rheumatic fever and kidneys or nephritis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, and ear infections. Another cause of sore throat is laryngo-pharyngeal reflux.

Patients usually experience pain in the throat in the morning when stomach acid rises up and get in the back of the throat. The throat feels a lump and taste sour. Patients often remove phlegm to clear the throat. There are other causes of sore throat that is the habit of breathing through the mouth, allergies, trapping foreign objects such as a fish bone in the throat, air pollution, alcohol, or cigarettes. Dry condition during summer or even in the winter and breathe through the mouth due to chronic nasal obstruction also causes dry and sore throat.

How to treat a sore throat


Posted by admin | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 01-09-2012

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Modern medical or home remedy for a sore throat

Bacteria or viruses can cause sore throat to occur. Most of the sore throat problem does not need medical help because it will usually go away after a few days. However, in some instances the problem may persist for quite some times and because of this you will need to take action to treat the problem. Generally sore throat is caused by the inflammation of the pharynx which is followed by pain, discomfort and itchiness in the throat and the nearby area. Sore throat can be contagious and for that you will need to cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing. There are modern and the ancient ways to get rid the sore throat. In the cases of severe or recurring sore throat the doctor assistance will be needed to ensure the problem will go away for good.

The most common symptoms of sore throat are the aching that you feel at the back of the throat. It is also a known fact that sore throat is an early sign that the human body is combating common cold. Some people treat their sore throat by having a cup of hot tea which is usually use honey as the sweetener. The properties in the honey are believed to be the main ingredient to ward off the sore throat. The use of honey has always been the popular choice in every society around the world. It is also has been medically proven that honey has the ability to combat elements that has caused the sore throat. In some societies honey is used with lime juice added and one tablespoon to stop sore throat. It is usually taken twice or three times daily until the ailment has gone.

Keep clean for healthier body

However, if you notice the sore throat still persist more than 2 or 3 days and has headache, fever, rash, swelling, nausea or other pains then the right course of action is to go to the doctor. Some people also use water with salt to gargle several times daily. There are also people who use thyme tea plus antiseptic to gargle. The antiseptic can also be replaced with lemon juice to help reduce the pain and discomfort that you are facing. The method will certainly cause a sting, but it has been proven to work well for most people. However, if you want to have a pleasant taste then using the honey would be great too.

The most basic way to treat a sore throat is to consume a lot of fluids especially plain water. It will help to chase away the sore throat problem. If you have successfully get rid the problem then you should take measures to avoid the sore throat from recurring. One of the ways is to stop using the toothbrush that you have been using earlier. This is to avoid the germ that may have transmitted earlier on to the toothbrush from getting back into your mouth. You should also practice good personal hygiene so that the sore throat problem will be kept away for good.